Have you found that you are pregnant and your happiness is over the limit? You promised to adhere to a healthy lifestyle to keep the baby healthy. You will eliminate unhealthy foods from diet, alcohol, tobacco and anything that could harm your baby. However, you become aware of the fact that you can not completely resolve everything in its entirety. This is the case with high blood pressure.
High blood pressure before pregnancy, in early or late pregnancy
Some women have problems with high blood pressure even before pregnancy. When planning a baby or getting pregnant, the gynecologist tells them that they have to take strict care of their blood pressure. This would involve regular controls, blood pressure regulation and close monitoring. If a woman had hypertension before pregnancy, pregnancy may lead to a worsening of the condition.
Common headaches, dizziness, swelling of the face or arm, buzzing in the ears, rapid eye blinking and difficulty breathing in a pregnant woman can be a sign of high blood pressure during pregnancy. In that case, the doctor will decide on the treatment for the pregnant woman.
Some pregnant women may feel a problem with high blood pressure only in early pregnancy. This means that before their pregnancy, their blood pressure was normal. If these problems occur after the 20th week of pregnancy (premature pregnancy), that condition is called preeclampsia.
Preeclampsia in pregnancy can cause damage to other organs. In the pregnant woman, the heart, lungs, kidneys, liver, blood and brain can be harmed. Untreated preeclampsia can lead to serious – even fatal – complications for the mother and baby.
Why Is Your Blood Pressure Problem During Pregnancy?
High blood pressure during pregnancy can lead to various risks, including:
- Reduced blood flow to the placenta. If the placenta does not have enough blood, the baby will receive less oxygen and nutrients. This can lead to slow growth of the fetus, low birth weight or premature birth. Breathing problems can also occur, but also increase the risk of infection.
- Platelet problems. Preeclampsia (high blood pressure during pregnancy) can lead to premature separation of the placenta from the inner wall of the uterus. Separation of the placenta causes severe bleeding. This can jeopardize the life of the pregnant woman, but also her baby.
- Preterm labor. Sometimes it takes a mother to bring the child to the world before time. This can prevent the possible dangerous complications and consequences of high blood pressure during pregnancy.
- Future cardiovascular disease. High blood pressure in pregnancy can increase the risk of future heart and blood vessel diseases (cardiovascular problems). The risk of cardiovascular disease is higher if you have preeclampsia in premature pregnancy or premature birth due to high blood pressure during pregnancy.
How can you know if you are a victim of preeclampsia?
In addition to high blood pressure, other preeclampsia symptoms include:
– Increased amount of protein in urine (proteinuria)
– problems with the kidneys
– severe headaches
– temporary loss of vision, blurred vision or light sensitivity
– pain in the upper abdomen, under the ribs on the right
– reduced blood platelet levels
– disturbed function of the liver
Treatment is very important in high blood pressure during pregnancy. To protect yourself and your baby, observe the treatment prescribed by your doctor. This will reduce the risk of fatal consequences.